About this Ancient Breed
Since Babylonian times, there is documented a breed of large strong dogs with a heavy head. Some spectacular depictions of the breed dating back to 2,000 BC can be seen on the well preserved bas-reliefs in the Assyrian Rooms of the British Museum in London.
With the advent of the first domestic sheep, the dogs went from “hunter” to “protector”. The book of Job, which dates back to at least 1,800 BC and is set in the region of Turkey, makes reference to the dogs with the flocks.
In Turkey today, the breed is known as Coban Kopegi (cho-bawn ko-pay) which translates to “Shepherd’s Dog”. He is a livestock guardian dog, living his life in constant association with his sheep or goats, and is accepted as a member of the flock.
AKC BREED STANDARD
Head: Expression should be intelligent. Eyes are medium size, set apart, almond shaped and dark brown to light amber in color. Blue eyes or eyes of two different colors are a disqualification. Eye rims will be black or brown and without sag or looseness of haw. Incomplete pigment is a serious fault. Ears should be set on no higher than the plane of the head. V-shaped, rounded apex, measuring about four inches at the base to six inches in length. The tip should be just long enough to reach the outside corner of the eyelid. Ears dropped to sides. Erect ears are a disqualification. Skull is large but in proportion to the body. There is a slight centerline furrow, fore and aft, from apparent stop to moderate occiput. Broader in dogs than in bitches. Muzzle is blockier and stronger for the dog, but neither dog nor bitch would have a snipey head or muzzle. Nose and flews must be solid black or brown. Seasonal fading is not to be penalized. Incomplete pigment is a serious fault. Flews are normally dry but pronounced enough to contribute to “squaring” the overall muzzle appearance. Teeth and gums strong and healthy. Scissors bite preferred, level bite acceptable. Broken teeth are not to be faulted. Overshot, undershot or wry bite are disqualifications.
Common Questions about the Breed
WHEN IS AN ANATOLIAN CONSIDERED MATURE?
👉The Anatolian Shepherd Dog is a slow maturing breed and may not reach his full weight and stature until 4 years of age. In the first year, puppies grow rapidly, from a twenty pound, eight-week old to a ninety pound 1 year-old.
WHAT IS AN ANATOLIAN'S TYPICAL LIFESPAN?
👉The average lifespan of the Anatolian Shepherd Dog is between 11-13 years in a normal, safe environment. Working dogs, because of the nature of their job, have a high mortality rate and longevity becomes difficult to tabulate. The nature and demeanor of the Anatolian Shepherd Dog make him truly one of the rare giants with an extended lifespan.
HOW DO MALES AND FEMALES DIFFER?
👉There is little difference between the male and female when it comes to guarding ability or the degree of affection shown. Spaying or neutering the livestock guardian is advisable and will not affect working ability. The male Anatolian seems to go through more of an adolescent phase beginning at about 15-18 months of age. During this time he may need more than usual correction and discipline to guide him along. With maturity, this adolescent behavior should diminish.
WHAT SPECIFIC HEALTH PROBLEMS OCCUR?
👉Anatolian are sturdy and not prone to any particular diseases, but they are highly sensitive to anesthesia. Hip dysplasia (HD) is present in nearly all large breeds, and the Anatolian Shepherd is no exception. Although hip dysplasia is not yet a serious problem in the breed, breeders should be conscientious about x-raying their breeding stock and submitting those x-rays for certification.
Entropion (inverted eyelids) is also present in the breed though, like HD, it is not widespread. If breeders only breed from healthy stock of no known genetic problems, then entropian will not become widespread.
Bloat is still rare in the breed. However, as with any large- chested breed the potential for developing bloat exists.
WILL ALL ANATOLIANS BE EFFECTIVE AT GUARDING LIVESTOCK?
👉While many Anatolian Shepherd Dogs in the United States are carrying on the tradition of their ancestors by guarding flocks of sheep and goats successfully on ranches and small farms. It is any incorrect assumption to think that all Anatolian Shepherds will protect livestock. Some dog will work—others will not. Just as not every Collie is a herder or every German Shepherd a Seeing Eye Guide Dog, not every Anatolian Shepherd is a potential livestock guardian dog. Research statistics tell us that approximately 66% of the breed are successful working dogs.
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